The largest office building in the world was built in India – the Pentagon remained in second place

For more than 80 years, the largest office building in the world was the Pentagon, the headquarters of the US Department of Defense. This huge structure has the shape of a pentagon and is located in the US state of Virginia. The area of ​​the Pentagon is estimated at 620,000 square meters. It has five floors above ground, as well as two floors underground. The total length of all corridors inside the headquarters is 28 kilometers, and the number of windows is estimated at 7,754. The Pentagon has plenty of room for 26,000 people to work. Recently, the title of the largest office building was taken away from it by the Surat Diamond Exchangein India. Diamonds will be sold in this huge building, and in the future the city may well become the diamond capital of the world.

The largest office building in the world was built in India - the Pentagon remained in second place. The Diamond Exchange in India took away the title of the largest office building from the Pentagon. Photo.

The Diamond Exchange in India took away the title of the largest office building from the Pentagon

Where diamonds are processed

The largest diamond exchange was opened in December 2023. It is located in the Indian city of Surat, which is home to about 4.5 million people. The economy of this city is mainly based on the textile and chemical industries. But it also has a very developed diamond cutting industry – it originated in the 1950s and developed due to cheap labor.

Where diamonds are processed. Bird's eye view of the Surat Diamond Exchange. Photo.

A bird's eye view of the Surat Diamond Exchange

Diamond cuttingis the process of cutting a diamond to give it shape and shine. It involves grinding and polishing the mineral to improve its appearance. The quality of the cut directly determines the beauty of the gemstone and its price.

The most diamonds are mined in Russia, Botswana, Canada, South Africa, Namibia and Angola. Despite the fact that India is not even among the top ten major producers of this jewelry, 90% of the processed diamonds on the planet are stored in the city of Surat.If you have ever seen a diamond in person, regardless of where it was mined, it is highly likely that it has been in India.

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Where diamonds are sold

The Surat Diamond Exchange is a place that could become the diamond capital of the world in the future. This facility is located in the heart of the up-and-coming business center Diamond Research and Mercantile City (DREAM). Today, around the diamond exchange there is cleared land and unfinished buildings. But after a few years, this territory will change greatly and will certainly be able to amaze people with its luxury.

In the diamond exchange, as can be understood from the name, there will be trading in precious stones. The constructionconsists of nine 15-story towerswhich are interconnected by a central ridge. The building area is estimated at 660,451 square meters – the building is larger than the Pentagon.

Where diamonds are sold. Today, the Diamond Research and Mercantile City business center is empty, but soon there will be many rich people there. Photo.

Today the Diamond Research and Mercantile City business center is empty, but soon there will be many rich people there

< p>The huge structure will house offices of 4,500 companieswho are engaged in the diamond trade. It is reported that these offices can also be used as a place for cutting and polishing diamonds, so they can be called multi-purpose. There will also be a kind of shopping center, which includes 27 showrooms with diamond jewelry.

During construction, the architecture firm Morphogenic tried to do without air conditioning. Some offices have them, but in general the designers ensured that most of the complex was protected from sunlight. Also, the shape of the structure should provide natural ventilation, that is, the offices will be fresh even without auxiliary equipment. To generate energy, solar panels are installed on the roofs of most towers.

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The new diamond capital of the world

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For many years, diamond sellers had to travel 241 kilometers to reach Mumbai, India's financial capital, to do business. With the advent of the Surat Diamond Exchange, they will be able to save time on travel. What is also important is that the city of Surat will gather all diamond suppliers in one place, which is also very convenient.

The new diamond capital of the world. India now has one more grandiose structure. Photo.

India has one more grandiose structure

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Perhaps after this news you became aware of how diamonds are mined. To find out this, you don’t need to go to a search engine – a comprehensive article is already on our website, and at one time it was read by thousands of people. The material is called “The most expensive diamond in the world – why it is pink and worth millions of dollars.” It talks about a diamond that is known as the “Rose of Lulo”. It was found in 2022 in Africa and weighs 170 carats. We strongly recommend reading!


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