Our DNA hides the traces of the unexplored types of people


Did you know that with high probability, you are the carrier of genes of the Neanderthal man? According to studies, almost every modern representative of the genus Homo Sapiens is about 2% of the genes he had inherited from the ancient ancestors of Homo Neanderthalensis. In addition to the genes of Neanderthals, we are also carriers of genes Denisovsky person — much less studied our ancient relatives.

Skeleton of ancient girls

In 2012, when in one of the caves where Denisovskoe man, were found the remains of an ancient teenage girls, in the academic world there was a real furor. The fact is that according to the conducted examinations, the girl was a carrier of DNA from two different species of ancient man. So, the girl’s mother was representative of the Neanderthal and the father was a Denisova.

Genes the girl’s mother out of the cave saying that her ancestors came to the Altai from Western Europe. In addition, analysis of more distant relatives showed that most of them were immigrants from the region of modern Croatia. Based on this fact we can understand that ancient people tended to frequent migration in the region between Europe and Siberia. The result of this large-scale resettlement became a girl Neanderthal genes Denisovsky person. Despite the fact that it is not known how would be the representatives of the denisovans (before our time was reached only separate fragments), the study of ancient DNA of the dead girl, it became clear that she was brown-eyed and dark-skinned.

It is worth considering All the existing species, including human, will one day disappear

It is highly likely that in his short life the girl from Altai caves hardly have time to do something meaningful, even though just as light, Denisova 3 (so the child became known in the scientific community) could not only shed light on the mystery of the origin of the extinct ancestors of modern man, but to become famous after a few thousand years after his death.

Ancient Romeo and Juliet “heritage” in our DNA

According to the latest data, the ancestors of modern humans interbred not only with Neanderthals and denisovans, but also with representatives of several other archaic groups. So, scientists have revealed that during the colonization of Southeast Asia by Homo Sapiens are faced with some “extinct hominidae”, which modern scholars call “EH-1 and EH-2”.

It is not known whether there were cases of crossing these species among themselves. It is only known that both species was quickly exterminated by Homo Sapiens, although some stories of love between mortal enemies are still live in our DNA.

Relatives of the person could be hobbits

In addition to the “EH-1 and EH-2” scientists have discovered the traces of yet another mysterious species, who had to contribute to the development of humanity. “The Luzon people” coexisted with Neanderthals and CRO-magnons, while on Luzon island off the coast of modern Philippines. The closest relative of this species may be a “man Florensky”, which despite the happy primitive, had relatively developed tools. In addition, the similarity of human Florensky and human Luzon can specify their interesting feature and that, and another species, namely the extremely low growth. So, the average size of these people could be as little as 1.2 meters. Maybe John Ronald Tolkien describing hobbits in “the Lord of the rings”, used similar to human ancestors image.

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